Example 1: recognising mined areas
For most audiences, a trainer will want to show how to recognise areas that are obviously dangerous. The scenes below all include an obviously suspicious area.
There is not enough space to explain each image here. The general message is that, while sometimes you can recognise a suspicious area, more often you can tell when an area is safe – which is just as useful.
Example 2: levels of detail
The resource uses appropriate scenes like those shown below to introduce each topic.
The above are introductory pages. They are
followed by pages in which the positions of mines and
ordnance are clearly shown.
Technical audiences want to know more about the devices and how they work. So in many cases a third level of detail is included.
Only the pictures appropriate to use with a particular audience are used. Technical details, for example, would not be appropriate when teaching MRE to children, but would always be appropriate when training deminers, surveyors and people who have to deal with the devices found.
During March, I visited PAD in Mozambique and MineTech in Zimbabwe to follow up on their usage and find out what they liked and disliked. I also visited MgM, Handicap International (HI), Instituto Nacional de Desminagem (IND—the Mozambique MAC) and NPA to hold workshops introducing the resource to their trainers.
Mine Action staff in Mozambique and Zimbabwe using the resource
Reading clockwise from the top left the picture shows (UN)ADP surveyors using the pack for reference in Maputo Province; Handicap International’s surveyor, deminer and MRE trainers during a workshop in Inhambane Province; MineTech’s MRE staff reviewing the training resource in Harare, Zimbabwe; MgM deminers using the resource in Gaza Province; Handicap International staff holding an MRE session with overseas visitors; NPA trainers at a workshop in Tete Province.
These workshops were with surveyor and deminer trainers as well as those involved in mine risk education work with the general public. The resource was well received by all. The trainers suggested that almost all of the images could be used with any audience.
The large loose-leaf format was liked and there was enthusiasm for the use of photographs taken in-situ. The inclusion of a generic mine action course and teaching notes on the reverse of each page was also appreciated. The trainers particularly liked the fact that the text was in Portuguese and English—so recognising their own language and incidentally helping them to learn an English demining vocabulary. Unexpectedly, field surveyors and deminers use the resource for reference—and asked for some technical detail to be expanded.
Following the workshops, Instituto Nacional de Desminagem ( IND - the Mozambique MAC) formally requested enough resource books to be donated for distribution to every District in Mozambique via the Ministry of Education.
Editor: unfortunately the management of the Golden West Humanitarian Foundation had broken working relations with me at that time (over my being outspoken on another matter), so I do not know whether that request was ever met. I did see the Mozambique resource in Iraq - where it had apparently been issued in response to an urgent need expressed by aid agencies. Those responsible seem to have failed to recognise that the landscape, vegetation and the mine and UXO threat in Iraq would be so different from Mozambique that the resource would not be much use in that context. They seem to have forgotten that it was necessary to produce a different pack for Angola, despite it being close to Mozambique with a similar recent history.
The Angola Training resource pack was distributed during the Summer of 2002, but had not reached some of those who wanted it when I next visited in 2003, 2005 and 2008, which is why it is now on this site.
The following individuals were consulted when planning the Angola and Mozambique Resource packs and their distribution. Of course, any weaknesses in the resource do not reflect on them:
Matthew Chambers, Florencio Chongo, Ken O’Connell, John Dingley, Justin Bradley, Mike Wilson, Dieter Guelle, Roger Hess, Robert Thomson (Tommo), Chris Pearce, John Flannagan, Mario Nunes, Bob Keeley, Steve Priestley, Jan Ole Robertz, Fredrik Palsson, Jacky D’Almeda, Helder Cruz, Mark Manning, Filipe Muzima, Felix Andrea, Peter Fuyane, Christiaan (Burg) Geel, Aderito Ishmael, Hugh Lawrence, Theo van Dyke, Derek Baxter, Andy Frizzell, Nicholas Finnister, Thomas Augusto, Willie Lawrence, Marcus van Zyl and Hans Georg Kruessen.
Thanks also to the main translators, Anabela Bach and Cláudio de Sousa.
See also: training resources Angola
See also: training resources Kurdistan / Iraq