Andy Smith
MIne-action specialist
 

Mined area Indicators – Destroyed train

 


Sheet 29     Destroyed train
(Page 1)

The picture shows a train that was derailed and attacked several years ago. The carriages are severely damaged but the cargo remains.

The damaged train was mined by the attacking forces who wanted to prevent it being salvaged and to stop the railway line being repaired.

Several indications that the area may be dangerous can be seen.

Suggested messages:

  • When there has been fighting in an area, resist any urge to look through the debris.
  • Just like roads and bridges, railways may be mined and booby trapped to prevent repair.

Sheet 30     Destroyed train 
(Page 2)

The red arrows point to the indications of danger that you may have noticed in the large picture. The fact that some of the cargo remains is also an indication that local people avoid the area.

The red arrows indicate:

A – On the front of the locomotive someone has chalked a sign “Mina”. 

B – The arming clip from a J-69 bounding fragmentation mine has been left on the ledge at the front of the train.

C – A damaged J-69 bounding fragmentation mine (a copy of the V-69) is lying on the ground. It is 130mm in diameter (about 5”) and has a five pronged fuze assembly that is designed to be attached to a tripwire or tripwires. The mine shown here has failed to detonate properly. Beside it is the same mine photographed with the other parts found when the area was cleared.

D – A hand grenade was concealed under an old bowl. The grenade still has its arming pin in it. It was probably dropped by mistake during the fighting and someone placed the bowl over it so that no one would accidentally step on it.

E – A J-69 bounding fragmentation mine is wedged among the sacks in the overturned carriage. A tripwire runs to the next carriage where it is tied to another sack. This mine contains around 420g of RDX and TNT surrounded by more than 1000 fragments of chopped steel rod. When activated, the center of the mine is thrown upwards on a short wire. When the wire pulls tights, the center explodes spreading the steel fragments over a wide area.

Suggested messages:

  • When there has been fighting in an area, resist any urge to look through the debris.
  • Unexpected items, such as the rusty bowl, may have been used to indicate danger.
  • Look carefully and you may see informal warning signs left by other people.
  • If there are parts of damaged mines around, there will probably be live mines too.

 

 

Mined area
warning signs

 

Areas without
signs

 

Informal
warning
signs

 

Roads in
rural areas

 

 

Improvised devices
on roads

 

Surveyor's stick
scene

 

Fighter plane
scenario

 

Abandoned
grazing land

 

Tank
Scene

 

 

Washout
Scene

 

Embankment
Scene

 

Destroyed
train

 

Abandoned
building

 

Transporter
Scene

 

Angola bush
Scene

 

Power-line
Scene

 

Burnt-off
area

 

Trench
Scene

 

 

Angola
bush 2

 

OZM
Scene

 

Small
fuzes

 

 

How mines
age

 

Other common
AP mines

 

Other common
ordnance

 

Other common
indicators

 

Ammunition
dump

 

Mine
injuries

 

TEACHING
NOTES
*.doc

 

TEACHING
NOTES
*.pdf